Original Article

Descriptive review of patent ductus arteriosus ligation by video-assisted thoracoscopy in pediatric population: 7-year experience

Tomasz Stankowski, Sleiman Sebastian Aboul-Hassan, Farzaneh Seifi-Zinab, Dirk Fritzsche, Marcin Misterski, Ivan Sazdovski, Jakub Marczak, Anna Szymańska, Lukasz Szarpak, Kurt Ruetzler, Sanchit Ahuja, Bartłomiej Perek


Background: Less invasive procedures such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) are desirable for patent ductal artery (PDA) ligation when pharmacologic or conservative approaches fail. Studies done on VATS-PDA ligation showed better outcomes when compared to open thoracotomies, however, complication rates remain conflicting. Learning curve can be a postulated reason which may also precludes the acceptability. We therefore sought to report our single centered 7-year experience of PDA closure with VATS.
Methods: Single centered retrospective study of 127 patients who underwent PDA ligature with VATS from February 2012 to October 2018. The cohort was divided into two groups, i.e., 2012–2014 (early phase) and 2015–2018 (late phase) and were further compared. Early and late outcomes, including mortality and morbidity, were analyzed.
Results: The included patients had a mean age of 1.7 years. Among them, preterm infants accounted for 38.6%, there was no operative mortality. Six deaths (4.7%) occurred during in-hospital stay, predominantly in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) due to massive cerebral bleeding and cardiopulmonary failure. Overall conversion rate to thoracotomy was 16.5%. It decreased from 20% in early phase to less than 5% in late phase. Fifty patients (39.4%) required transfer to the NICU. The mean in-hospital stay for the remainders was only 2.2±1.6 days. All but two patients discharged home survived follow-up period without any adverse events and nobody among non-converted cases expressed concerns regarding chest deformity. A 5-year probability of survival estimated according to the Kaplan-Meier curve was 93.6%.
Conclusions: VATS is a safe as well as efficient method for closure of PDA that ensures satisfactory late cosmetic results. Postoperative mortality and extended hospital stay may be attributed to prematurity. Although learning curve exists it does not affect the safety and late outcomes.

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