Original Article

The clinical significance of serum adipocytokines level in patients with lung cancer

Fanfan Li, Yanan Cao, Jingjing Li, Cong Gao, Xiang Dong, Pengfei Ren, Chenxu Meng, Chanjuan Chen


Background: Adipocytokines were known to play a relevant role in metabolism, inflammation responses and carcinogenesis of several malignancies. Our aims were to detect the expression of serum adipocytokines, explore their potential diagnostic ability and relationship with clinicopathological characteristics of lung cancer.
Methods: Adipocytokines, insulin-like growth factor binding protein 1 (IGFBP-1), resistin, tumor necrosis factors (TNFα), TNF RI and TNF RII, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), leptin, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10, chemerin, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) were assessed in 49 untreated lung cancer patients and 20 healthy controls. The protein chip was used to detect the serum levels of adipocytokines.
Results: Lung cancer patients exhibited significantly elevated serum IGFBP-1, TNF RI, VEGF, TNF RII, PAI-1 and IL-6 levels compared to controls (P<0.05) and most of these adipocytokines revealed a modest discriminative ability for the diagnosis of lung cancer, while BDNF were lower in patients (P<0.05). TNF RI was associated with distant metastasis of lung cancer, while there was no relation between other adipocytokines and the patient clinicopathological features.
Conclusions: These results suggest that cytokines IGFBP-1, TNF RI, VEGF, TNF RII, PAI-1 and IL-6 may be involved in the development and progression of lung cancer, and TNF RI may be involved in distant metastasis of lung cancer. Additionally, IGFBP-1, TNF RI, VEGF and TNF RII probably represent potentially useful biomarkers for the diagnosis of lung cancer.

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