Original Article

The construction and analysis of the aberrant lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network in non-small cell lung cancer

Xiaoyuan Wang, Hang Yin, Luquan Zhang, Dayong Zheng, Yingnan Yang, Jinfeng Zhang, Hao Jiang, Xiaodong Ling, Yanzhong Xin, Hao Liang, Chengyuan Fang, Jianqun Ma, Jinhong Zhu


Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common cancer and the pathogenesis remain unclear. According to the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) theory, long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) have a competition with mRNAs for the connecting with miRNAs that affecting the level of mRNA. In this work, the ceRNA network and the important genes to predict the survival prognosis were explored.
Methods: In the study, we recognized differently expressed genes (mRNAs, lncRNAs and miRNAs) between NSCLC and normal tissues from The Cancer Genome Atlas database (fold change >2, P<0.01) using edgeR. Then, the interaction between lncRNA and miRNA or mRNA and miRNA was explored by miRcode, miRDB, TargetScan, and miRanda. Furthermore, the functions and KEGG pathway were analyzed with DAVID and KOBAS. The connections of these mRNAs were explored by STRING online database. The relation between genes in the network and survival time were further explored by survival package in R.
Results: By bioinformatics tools, we explored 155 lncRNAs, 30 miRNAs and 68 mRNAs and constructed ceRNA network. The functions and KEGG pathway of 68 mRNAs were further analyzed. AQP2, EGF, SLC12A1, TRPV5 and AVPR2 was in the center of network and may play key roles in the development of NSCLC. And mRNA (CCNB1, COL1A1, E2F7, EGLN3, FOXG1 and PFKP), miRNA (miR-31, miR-144 and miR-192) and lncRNA (AC080129.1, AC100791.1, AL163952.1, AP000525.1, AP003064.2, C2orf48, C10orf91, FGF12-AS2, HOTAIR, LINC00518, LNX1-AS1, MED4-AS1, MIG31HG, MUC2, TTTY16 and UCA1) were closely related with overall survival (OS).
Conclusions: In summary, the present study provides a deeper understanding of the lncRNA-related ceRNA network in NSCLC and some genes may be new target to treat for NSCLC patients.

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